Vernier Go Temp USB device in Linux
I've got a USB thermometer that is recognized by Linux when I plug it in, but I have no idea how to read it. Below are the steps I went through to figure out how to get Linux to read it, but you should skip to the end and download the Vernier Linux SDK, which I was unaware of when I started solving this puzzle.
/proc/bus/usb/devices says this about it:
T: Bus=02 Lev=01 Prnt=01 Port=00 Cnt=01 Dev#= 2 Spd=1.5 MxCh= 0 D: Ver= 1.10 Cls=00(>ifc ) Sub=00 Prot=00 MxPS= 8 #Cfgs= 1 P: Vendor=08f7 ProdID=0002 Rev= 1.53 S: Manufacturer=Vernier Software & Technology S: Product=Go! Temp ver 1.53 C:* #Ifs= 1 Cfg#= 1 Atr=80 MxPwr=100mA I: If#= 0 Alt= 0 #EPs= 1 Cls=03(HID ) Sub=00 Prot=00 Driver=ldusb E: Ad=81(I) Atr=03(Int.) MxPS= 8 Ivl=10ms
So I assume that /proc/bus/usb/002/002 is the file that corresponds to this device since it is bus 2, device 2.
Looking at that file through octaldump, I see this:
root@weasel:/proc/bus/usb/002# od -c 002 0000000 022 001 020 001 \0 \0 \0 \b 367 \b 002 \0 S 001 001 002 0000020 \0 001 \t 002 " \0 001 001 \0 200 2 \t 004 \0 \0 001 0000040 003 \0 \0 \0 \t ! 020 001 \0 001 " 2 \0 \a 005 201 0000060 003 \b \0 \n 0000064
I'd like it if one of those numbers were a temperature, but I doubt it is that easy.
I'd also like it if setting one of those bits were to control the LEDs on the thermometer...
Perhaps I need a USB sniffer. Does such a thing exist?
Also, udev says that it has created a device for the ldusb driver called /dev/ldusb0 here (implemented in the Kernel as ldusb.c):
crw-rw---- 1 root root 180, 176 2008-01-05 11:17 /dev/ldusb0
That's hopeful, but how do I poke at that device, exactly?
Googling for ldusb0 I found someone who has the same device ( http://www.thok.org/intranet/python/vernier/README.html) and says that this code works to read it:
#!/usr/bin/python import time import struct ldusb = file("/dev/ldusb0") time.sleep(0.5) # for n in range(10): while True: # time.sleep(0.5) pkt = ldusb.read(8) parsed_pkt = list(struct.unpack("<BBHHH", pkt)) num_samples = parsed_pkt.pop(0) seqno = parsed_pkt.pop(0) for sample in range(num_samples): print seqno+sample, parsed_pkt[sample]/100.0 # time.sleep(0.5)
But it doesn't work for me. I picked a bad day to not learn python. Perhaps I can grok it enough to write a perl script to do the same thing.
From the above article:
turns out that an 8-byte read (from /dev/ldusb0) gets you a one-byte sample count, a one-byte sequence number, and three two-byte little-endian temperature samples which appear to be 100ths of a degree celsius. It appears to generate around 2.5 samples per second, which is probably overkill.
It looks like the perl should be something like this:
my $buf; open(DEV, "/dev/ldusb0") || die "couldn't open device file"; my $number_read = read(DEV, $buf, 8); my ($samplecount, $sequence, $temp1, $temp2, $temp3) = unpack("c c s s s", $buf); print "$samplecount, $sequence, $temp1, $temp2, $temp3\n";
And it works!
3, 127, 2840, 2840, 2840
Now, what are those numbers? Room temperature seems to be from 2400 to 2800. Grabbing the thermometer yields about 4280. Putting it into a hole into our uninsulated wall when it is 8 degrees Celsius outside seems to stabilize about 2000.
Putting the sensor in the heater vent when it blowing shows about 4000.
I've tried telling unpack to treat the value as different formats but to no effect.
v (little-endian short) S (unsigned short) s (signed short)
All seem to yield the same value after unpacking.
The advertised specifications for the sensor are:
Range: -20°C – 110°C Maximum temperature that the sensor can tolerate without damage: 130°C Resolution: 0.07°C Accuracy: +/- 0.5°C Response time: 4s (to 90% of full reading in water)
Here is the graph of heater vent using the thermometer: http://finninday.net/temp/vernier.html
My formula for converting the Vernier probe data to Celsius is this:
C = V / 126.74 - 5.4
I arrived at that formula after taking these measurements with a cup of hot water and a cup of ice water. I used a kitchen thermometer to provide half the data.
7744 is the difference between the maximum and the minimum of the Vernier values. 61.1 is the difference between the maximum and the minimum of the Celsius measurements.
126.74 is the ratio of the differences.
The V/C Ratio column is the result of multiplying the Vernier values by 126.74. From there I can see that I'm generally about 5.4 degrees too high.
Official Linux SDK
As of September 2010, Vernier Software & Technology offers an official USB Linux temperature reading SDK for the device. This appears sufficient for server room monitoring.